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Accelerating Action to a Low-Carbon Future
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The primary levers to decarbonizing the power sector are phasing out unabated fossil fuel-based generation and expanding zero-carbon generation. Scaling up of renewable-based electricity RE is critical, and the share of generation from variable renewable technologies in particular - solar and wind - must grow rapidly. Electrification of passenger mobility via the increasing deployment of battery electric vehicles BEVs will play an important role in reducing CO2 emissions from the transport sector.

In addition to decarbonization targets, the electrification of passenger mobility in urban settings is driven by air quality concerns. The number of battery electric vehicles on the road have grown rapidly in The rapid growth in BEVs can be attributed to a large fall in battery prices combined with purchase incentives from governments. In addition, battery capacity improvements and infrastructure developments have also reduced range anxiety in drivers. With growth in BEVs, smart charging will be necessary to manage the impact of BEVs on the power system, while also enabling them to play a complementary role in the energy transition by providing flexibility services to the grid.

Through smart charging, the timing of BEV charging can be optimized to ensure a reasonable balance between power supply and demand, which reduces the need for additional generation capacity, increases the grid asset use factor and reduces the curtailment of renewable generation. Demand-side management via smart charging can be facilitated by dynamic tariffs such as time-of-use or real-time pricing, which will incentivize consumers to charge BEVs when prices are low.

ICLEI: Cities in Transition: Industrial Legacy for a Low Carbon Future

Furthermore, BEVs represent storage capacity that could be used to provide ancillary services to the power grid via vehicle-to-grid V2G solutions. In the long-term, all buildings must be net zero-emissions buildings; the technologies needed to achieve this goal are available today.

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One of the key levers to decarbonizing the buildings sector is the electrification of space and water heating, which currently account for the majority of direct CO2 emissions from the sector. Electricity demand from the buildings sector will grow as a result of increasing electrification rates, and economic and population growth.

To minimize load on the grid, electric devices across all end uses must be highly energy efficient. The digitalization of household devices is one way to drive efficiency improvements. For example, digitalization increases the opportunities for device optimization by increasing awareness of energy consumption in real-time; and smart thermostats can use machine learning to automatically adjust room temperature in response to occupant behavior and input such as weather forecasts.

In addition to efficiency improvements, demand response in the buildings sector enabled by digitalization will be important to managing load on the electricity system. Prior to joining ClimateWorks, Meg worked in government, managing funding programs focused on capacity building. She has also worked for the International Energy Agency, supporting working parties focused on energy efficiency, renewables and clean technology transfer.

She is also an alumni of the Centre for Sustainability Leadership. The new entity deploys sustainability into business and operations with a specific focus on accelerating the climate and energy transition of the Group and on fostering circular economy.

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  4. Other experience included two years as the Special Assistant to the Executive Director at Connect To Learn, a secondary education initiative created in partnership with the Earth Institute, Ericsson and Millennium Promise. During that time, Elena ran a scholarship program for high schools girls across 10 countries in sub-Saharan Africa within the Millennium Villages Project, working closely with colleagues from Ericsson to install computers and broadband connectivity in the rural schools where the scholarships students were enrolled.

    Anirban Ghosh is a gold medallist engineering graduate who has paved way for a sustainable future. He is with the USD Anirban has held other key positions in the Group prior to his current role.

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    Han Huang was born in D degree with EE major. Han Huang is a senior engineer. Han Huang is a registered P. Han Huang has more than 25 years experience in engaging the research and consultancy in energy strategy planning, and power grid planning. His research focuses include energy sector policies, economics for energy and electric power technologies, energy projects development, climate change issues and environmental issues, as well as market structure and benefits. He has more than 20 years working on financing and design for renewable generation projects and smart grid projects in both U.

    Industrial Evolution (EPUB)

    He has served as expert in joint study conducted between China and other countries such as U. A, Canada, Brazil, Germany, etc. In last two years, Han Huang has engaged in global energy interconnection studies covering more than countries and 5 continents, including Asia, South East Asia, North East Asia, Europe, Africa, etc. She is married and has three kids. Born in Lausanne Switzerland and descendant of a dynasty of explorers and scientists, who have conquered the heights and the depths of our planet, Bertrand Piccard seems predestined to perpetuate one of the greatest family adventures of the 20th century.

    Pioneer of hanggliding and microlight flying in Europe, European hang-glider acrobatics champion in and winner of the first transatlantic balloon race Chrysler Challenge , Bertrand Piccard is also the initiator of the Breitling Orbiter project.

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    Thanks to his experiences, he officially launches in the Solar Impulse project, to take on a new challenge: flying round the world in an airplane propelled uniquely by solar energy, without fuel or pollution, in order to promote the immense potential of renewable energies and their new technologies. Jeffrey D. Sachs is a world-renowned professor of economics, leader in sustainable development, senior UN advisor, bestselling author, and syndicated columnist whose monthly newspaper columns appear in more than countries.

    He is the co-recipient of the Blue Planet Prize, the leading global prize for environmental leadership, and many other international awards and honors. During to he served as the Director of the Earth Institute. We speak to Shell Chief Scientist for Mobility Dr Wolfgang Warnecke about the challenges of helping a fast-growing global population move more efficiently with less carbon dioxide.

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    What major challenges must be overcome? The big challenge for our future mobility is to reduce emissions from all types of transport. We have to reduce carbon dioxide CO2 emissions, which cause global warming, but we also to need to reduce emissions of other air pollutants to improve the quality of the air we breathe, especially in cities. The problem is that they are relatively costly.

    It stimulates combustion engine engineers to make improvements. The problem is that reducing emissions in one part of the fuel chain can mean creating more emissions elsewhere. For example, the mandatory use of low-sulphur diesel fuel as a requirement for low-emission engines has reduced air pollution.

    But refineries have to use more energy, and therefore emit more CO2, to remove the sulphur. The development of combustion engines that do not create any harmful emissions would change everything. Electric cars have one major advantage, which is no air quality harming emission during the use of the vehicle. This could be especially important to clean up the air in inner city areas. But electric vehicles face many challenges: for instance, batteries are still heavy, have limited range and lifetimes and are expensive to make.

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    Lighter, cheaper and more efficient batteries for storing any excess renewable electricity, for example wind and solar, would be a fantastic breakthrough for low-carbon transport. LNG fuel is cost-competitive and can provide economic and environmental benefits for heavy-duty truck and ship owners. Plants used to make biofuels absorb CO2 from the atmosphere as they grow. So, overall, biofuels emit significantly less CO2 than fossil fuels. But the CO2 benefits of biofuels depend on several factors, such as which plant is used and how it is grown. We are also looking at how to make more use of cleaner-burning natural gas — either cooled as liquefied natural gas LNG or compressed CNG.

    Shell has also developed advanced gas-to-liquid GTL fuels which help to reduce local emissions. Better lubricants also reduce friction and therefore help cut fuel consumption. Energy companies like Shell must continue to work closely with vehicle manufacturers to develop fuels and lubricants that make engines work more efficiently.

    It contains very pure GTL base oil which helps to reduce friction and fuel consumption. Mobility will change a lot in the not too distant future. I think one of the next exciting steps is the auto-piloted vehicle, with some examples already emerging.